Perbandingan Penghitungan Massa Tubuh Dengan Menggunakan Metode Indeks Massa Tubuh (IMT) dan Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA)

Yonathan Wiranata(1), Inayatul Inayah(2),


(1) Prodi Imunologi, Sekolah Pascasarjana, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
(2) Ilmu Gizi, Universitas Muhammadiyah Gresik, Gresik
Corresponding Author

Abstract


Anthropometric is a method of body mass composition calculation resulting either roughly or directly (detail). BMI is an anthropometric method performed by measuring body weight and height to classify one’s body mass index. BIA is an anthropometric methods used to asses body mass composition, including water mass, musculoskeletal, and mainly body fat mass. The purpose of this study isto find the relationship between the two methods of anthropometry and see the comparasion of body mass composition resulted by the two methods. Study design with descriptive analytics with cross sectional approach, the sampling technique use quota sampling, 41 respondents. Data analysis with analysis of Pearson correlation test (significance level α = 0.05, p – value < α). Results of a normal BMI of 25 respondents (61%), the results of normal BIA 29 respondents (71%) and fat mass between (from 11.00 to 37.30, the average 24.05). obtained a result of a positive relationship between BMI with the composition of body fat (r = 0.708, p <0.000). With it was found that BMI and body fat composition has a significant relationship (p <0.000). It can be cloncuded BMI has strong correlation with body fat mass that were measured by using the BIA method resulted from PSIK student at the University of Muhammadiyah Malang. BIA method is no better than BMI method as a parameter to determine body mass composition.

Kata Kunci:  Indeks Massa Tubuh, Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis, Komposisi Tubuh.



Keywords


Nutrition

References


Archilona, Z. Y., Nugroho, K. H., & Puruhita, N. (2016). Kadar Lemak Total ( Studi Kasus Pada Mahasiswa Kedokteran Undip ). Jurnal Kedokteran Dipenogoro, 5(2), 122–131.

Fukunaga, Y., Takai, Y., Yoshimoto, T., Fujita, E., Yamamoto, M., & Kanehisa, H. (2013). Influence of maturation on anthropometry and body composition in Japanese junior high school students. Journal of Physiological Anthropology, 32(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.1186/1880-6805-32-5.

Gurenlian, J. R. (2014). The power of prevention. International Journal of Dental Hygiene, 12(1), 1–1. https://doi.org/10.1111/idh.12067.

Haidari, F., Shirbeigi, E., Cheraghpour, M., & Mohammadshahi, M. (2014). Association of dietary patterns with body mass index, waist circumference, and blood pressure in an adult population in Ahvaz, Iran. Saudi Medical Journal, 35(9), 967–974.

Heydari, S. T., Ayatollahi, S. M. T., & Zare, N. (2011). Diagnostic value of bioelectrical impedance analysis versus body mass index for detection of obesity among students. Asian Journal of Sports Medicine, 2(2), 68–74. https://doi.org/10.5812/asjsm.34777.

Konsumsi, P., & Food, F. (2018). Pola Konsumsi Fast Food, Aktivitas Fisik dan Faktor Keturunan Terhadap Kejadian Obesitas (Studi Kasus pada Siswa SD Negeri 01 Tonjong Kecamatan Tonjong Kebupaten Brebes). Public Health Perspective Journal, 2(3), 262–269.

Mialich, M. S., Maria, J., Sicchieri, F., Afonso, A., & Junior, J. (2014). Analysis of Body Composition : A Critical Review of the Use of Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis. International Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2014, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1-10, 2(1), 1–10.

https://doi.org/10.12691/ijcn-2-1-1

Mittal, R., Goyal, M. M., Dasude, R. C., Quazi, S. Z., & Basak, A. (2011). Measuring obesity: results are poles apart obtained by BMI and bio-electrical impedance analysis. Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, 04(11), 677–683.

https://doi.org/10.4236/jbise.2011.411084

Peltz, G., Aguirre, M. T., Sanderson, M., & Fadden, M. K. (2010). The role of fat mass index in determining obesity. American Journal of Human Biology, 22(5), 639–647. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajhb.21056

Public Health England. (2015). Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet England 2015 Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet: England 2015. Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet, February.

Ranasinghe, C., Gamage, P., Katulanda, P., Andraweera, N., Thilakarathne, S., & Tharanga, P. (2013). Relationship between Body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage, estimated by bioelectrical impedance, in a group of Sri Lankan adults: A cross sectional study. BMC Public Health, 13(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-797

Ricciardi, R., & Talbot, L. A. (2007). Use of bioelectrical impedance analysis in the evaluation, treatment, and prevention of overweight and obesity. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 19(5), 235–241. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-7599.2007.00220.x

Shishkova, A., Petrova, P., Tonev, A., Bahlova, P., Softov, O., & Kalchev, E. (2007). Analysis of body composition in overweight and obese women using bioimpedance (BIA) system. Journal of IMAB, 13(1), 8–12.

Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto. Program Studi Teknik Informatika, B. J., & Pinandita, T. (2011). Juita. Juita, I(4), 157–168. https://www.neliti.com/publications/92701/rancang-bangun-aplikasi-mobile-perhitungan-indeks-massa-tubuh-dan-berat-badan-id


Full Text: PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract View : 50 times
PDF Download : 32 times

DOI: 10.29241/jmk.v6i1.280

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Manajemen Kesehatan Yayasan RS.Dr. Soetomo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.