Asupan Serat Sebagai Faktor Dominan Obesitas Perempuan Pralansia

Fauza Rizqiya(1), Ahmad Syafiq(2),


(1) Fakultas Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta
(2) Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Indonesia
Corresponding Author

Abstract


ABSTRAK 

Prevalensi obesitas pada perempuan pralansia semakin meningkat, padahal obesitas berdampak terhadap terjadinya penyakit degeneratif sehingga perlu ditanggulangi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mencari factor dominan yang berhubungan dengan obesitas menurut persen lemak tubuh perempuan pralansia. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian crosssectional. Responden merupakan 134 perempuan pralansia di Posbindu terpilih di Pancoran Mas, Depok. Data persen lemak tubuh diambil dengan menggunakan alat bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), data asupan dengan menggunakan formulir recall 2 x 24 jam, dan faktor lainnya dengan menggunakan pertanyaan pada kuesioner. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan regresi logistik untuk memperoleh faktor dominan yang berhubungan dengan obesitas pralansia. Faktor dominan yang berhubungan dengan obesitas perempuan pralansia adalah asupan serat (OR=3,9; 95% CI: 1,4-10,8). Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa asupan serat yang rendah dapat memicu obesitas pada perempuan pralansia dan memerlukan program yang sesuai yang membuat asupan serat pada perempuan pralansia meningkat.

Kata Kunci : Asupan Serat; Obesitas; Perempuan Pralansia.


Keywords


Kata Kunci : Asupan Serat; Obesitas; Perempuan Pralansia.

References


Balitbangkes. 2011. Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2010. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan RI.

Balitbangkes. 2014. Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2013. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan RI.

Birketdt, G.S., et al. 2000. Long Term Effect of Fibre Supplement and Reduced energy Intake on Body Weight and Blood Lipids in Overweight Subjects. Acta Med, 43, 129-132.

Chaput, J., Despre, J., Despre, J., Bouchard, C., & Tremblay, A. (2007). Short Sleep Duration is Associated with Reduced Leptin Levels and Increased Adiposity : Results from the Que ´ bec Family Study.

Garaulet, M., Ortega, F. B., Ruiz, J. R., Rey-López, J. P., Béghin, L., Manios, Y., … Moreno, L. A. (2011). Short sleep duration is associated with increased obesity markers in European adolescents: Effect of physical activity and dietary habits. the HELENA study. International Journal of Obesity, 35(10), 1308–1317. https://doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2011.149

Hamer, M., Weiler, R., & Stamatakis, E. (2014). Watching sport on television, physical activity, and risk of obesity in older adults. BioMed Central, 14(10), 2–5.

He, K., Hu, F. B., Colditz, G. A., Manson, J. E., Willett, W. C., & Liu, S. (2004). Changes in intake of fruits and vegetables in relation to risk of obesity and weight gain among middle-aged women. International Journal of Obesity, 28(12), 1569–1574. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0802795

Magee, C. A., Iverson, D. C., & Caputi, P. (2010). Sleep duration and obesity in middle-aged Australian adults. Obesity, 18(2), 420–421. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2009.373

Michael, B., & Sharon, L. (2004). Dietary Calcium and Dairy Modulation of Adiposity and Obesity Risk.

Murakami, K., et al. (2006). No relation between intakes of calcium and dairy products and body mass index in Japanese women. Nutrition, 22, 490–495.

Patel, S. R., Blackwell, T., Redline, S., Ancoli-Israel, S., Cauley, J. A., Hillier, T. A., … Stone, K. L. (2008). The association between sleep duration and obesity in older adults.

International Journal of Obesity, 32(12), 1825–1834. https://doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2008.198

Pedersen, Sue D., et al. Obesity as A Health Risk, dalam Erdman, John W., Jr., et al. (2012). Present Knowledge in Nutrition 10th edition. USA: Wiley- Blackwell.

Putriani, S.D. (2009). Hubungan antara Serat, Aktivitas Fisik dan Kebiasaan Merokok dengan Obesitas Abdominal pada Lansia di Posyandu Lansia Kelurahan Kramat Jati II Jakarta Timur Tahun 2009. [Skripsi]. Program Sarjana FKM UI, Depok.

Rathnayake, K. M., Roopasingam, T., & Dibley, M. J. (2014). High carbohydrate diet and physical inactivity associated with central obesity among premenopausal housewives in Sri Lanka. BMC Research Notes, 7(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-7-564

Sassi, F., Devaux, M., Church, J., Cecchini, M., & Borgonovi, F. (2009). Education and obesity in four OECD countries. OECD Health Working Papers, 46(39), 1–47. https://doi.org/10.1787/223688303816

Seubsman, S., Lim, L. L.-Y., Banwell, C., Sripaiboonkit, N., Kelly, M., Bain, C., & Sleigh, A. C. (2010). Socioeconomic Status, Sex, and Obesity in a Large National Cohort of 15–87-Year-Old Open University Students in Thailand. Journal of Epidemiology, 20(1), 13–20. https://doi.org/10.2188/jea.JE20090014

Slavin, J. L. (2005). Dietary fiber and body weight. Nutrition, 21(3), 411–418. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2004.08.018

Soares, M. J., Ping-delfos, W. C. S., & Ghanbari, M. H. (2011). Calcium and vitamin D for obesity : a review of randomized controlled trials. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 65(9), 994–1004. https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2011.106

Sonestedt, E., Roos, C., Gullberg, B., Ericson, U., Wirfält, E., & Orho-Melander, M. (2009). Fat and carbohydrate intake modify the association between genetic variation in the FTO genotype and obesity. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 90(5), 1418–1425. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.2009.27958

Song, Q., & Sergeev, I. N. (2012). Calcium and vitamin D in obesity Nutrition Research Reviews, 25, 130–141. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954422412000029

Taheri, S., Lin, L., Austin, D., Young, T., & Mignot, E. (2004). Short sleep duration is associated with reduced leptin, elevated ghrelin, and increased body mass index. PLoS Medicine, 1(3), 210–217. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0010062

Tucker, L. A., & Thomas, K. S. (2009). Increasing Total Fiber Intake Reduces Risk of Weight and Fat Gains in Women. Journal of Nutrition, 139(3), 576–581. https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.108.096685

Vinknes, K. J., de Vogel, S., Elshorbagy, A. K., Nurk, E., Drevon, C. A., Gjesdal, C. G., … Refsum, H. (2011). Dietary intake of protein is positively associated with percent body fat in middle-aged and older adults. The Journal of Nutrition, 141(3), 440–446. https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.110.133710 [doi]

WHO. (2015). “Obesity and Overweight”. March 21, 2015. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/.

Williams, M.H. (2002). Nutrition for Health, Fitness, and Sport. USA: The Mcgraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Wittert, G.A. (2007). Obesity in Older Adults, dalam Morley, J.E, et al. (2007). Geriatric Nutrition. USA: CRC Press.

Zamboni, M., Mazzali, G., Zoico, E., Harris, T. B., Meigs, J. B., Di Francesco, V., … Bosello, O. (2005). Health consequences of obesity in the elderly: A review of four unresolved questions. International Journal of Obesity, 29(9), 1011–1029. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0803005


Full Text: PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract View : 99 times
PDF Download : 46 times

DOI: 10.29241/jmk.v5i1.152

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Manajemen Kesehatan Yayasan RS.Dr. Soetomo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.