Analisis Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Kemauan Membayar JKN Pada Pekerja Informal Di Kulon Progo

Irfan Helmi Nugroho(1), Arlina Dewi(2), Ietje Nazaruddin(3),


(1) Magister Administrasi Rumah Sakit, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
(2) Magister Administrasi Rumah Sakit, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
(3) Magister Administrasi Rumah Sakit, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
Corresponding Author

Abstract


Jumlah peserta jaminan kesehatan nasional merupakan salah satu indikator keberhasilan penyelenggaraan jaminan kesehatan nasional. Rendahnya kepesertaan jaminan kesehatan nasional yang berasal dari pekerja informal merupakan salah satu hambatan tercapainya indikator tersebut. Sehingga perlu diadakan penelitian untuk mengetahui faktor apa saja yang mempengaruhi kemauan untuk membayar jaminan kesehatan nasional pada pekerja sektor informal. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif femonenologi dengan teknik sampling yang diambil secara purposive sampling. Subjek penelitian ini adalah 10 kepala keluarga yang bekerja pada sekor informal dan belum tergabung dalam jaminan kesehatan nasional. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan faktor yang mempengaruhi kemauan pekerja informal untuk membayar jaminan kesehatan naional yakni pengetahuan akan jaminan kesehatan nasional, faktor ekonomi, faktor kebutuhan mengenai perawatan kesehatan, dan memiliki persepsi negatif mengenai kualitas pelayanan kesehatan dan lembaga pengelola asuransi. Dari hasil yang ditemukan mengenai berbagai faktor yang mempengaruhi kemauan membayar jaminan kesehatan nasional pada sektor informal, dapat disimpulkan bahwa pekerja informal cenderung menunda untuk bergabung dengan jaminan kesehatan nasional.


Keywords


Kemauan membayar, jaminan kesehatan nasional, pekerja informal

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DOI: 10.29241/jmk.v7i1.595

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