Pengembangan Instrumen Asesmen Kompetensi Perawat Klinis Berbasis The Six Dimensions Of Clinical Competency Dengan Media Website

DOI: 10.29241/jmk.v10i1.1816

Author

Shofiyah Wati(1),
(1) Airlangga University
Corresponding Author

Full Text

Full Text: View / Download PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract View : 129 times; PDF Download : 46 times

Abstract

Competency assessment instruments for nurses encompass all aspects necessary to provide safe, effective, and quality services. The purpose of that study was to develop a competency assessment instrument for clinical nurses based on the six dimensions of clinical competency using a website as the medium. The research design employed the Research and Development approach and was conducted in two stages. Stage 1, the following activities were carried out: 1) instrument evaluation through literature and field studies, data collected through interviews, observation sheets, and document reviews involving 4 nurse assessors with a sample size of 372 forms. 2) instrument development through Focus Group Discussions (FGD) with 10 managerial nurses and assessors, along with consultations with two nursing experts and one IT expert. 3) Validity testing using Content Validity Index (CVI) and reliability testing using KR20. Stage 2 involves the instrument development results that were recommended through FGD with 10 managerial nurses and assessors. Data analysis utilized descriptive analysis. Evaluation results indicated that the instrument had been last revised in 2017, with 30% incomplete fillings, 85% focusing on skill aspects, and still paper-based. The developed instrument, in the common component, added assessment filling instructions, and integrated the content of 12 core competencies into 6 clinical competency dimensions, utilizing a website as the medium. A CVI result of 1.00 indicates validity and a reliability result > 0.6 indicates reliability. The recommended instrument results could be applied. A new instrument was developed based on the theory of the six dimensions of clinical competency, integrating 12 core competencies. The developed medium is a website

 

Keywords: Competency assessment, competency, clinical nurse, website


References

Alloubani, A., Akhu-Zaheya, L., Abdelhafiz, I. M., & Almatari, M. (2019). Leadership styles’ influence on the quality of nursing care. International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, 32(6), 1022–1033. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJHCQA-06-2018-0138

Becker, H., Meraviglia, M., Seo, J., Ndlovu, C., Kimmel, L., & Rowin, T. (2018). The Appraisal of Nursing Practice: Instrument Development and Initial Testing. Journal of Nursing Administration, 48(1), 44–49. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNA.0000000000000569

Becker, H., Ndlovu, C., Huang, Y. C., & Rowin, T. (2019). Change over Time in Ratings of New Nurses on the Appraisal of Nursing Practice. Journal of Nursing Administration, 49(10), 503–508. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNA.0000000000000794

Darmadi, D. (2018). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia. CV Budi Utama.

de Paiva Santos, T. T., Luiz, A. da S., Domingues, E. A. R., de Oliveira, U. A., & São-João, T. M. (2022). Development of a website for wound assessment: Website for wound assessment. Journal of Vascular Nursing, 0567, 10–15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvn.2022.12.001

Demilew, B. C., Mekonen, A., Aemro, A., Sewnet, N., & Hailu, B. A. (2022). Knowledge, attitude, and practice of health professionals for oxygen therapy working in South Gondar zone hospitals, 2021: multicenter cross-sectional study. BMC Health Services Research, 22(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-022-08011-4

Endacott, R., Scholes, J., Jones, C., Boulanger, C., Egerod, I., Blot, S., Iliopoulou, K., Francois, G., & Latour, J. (2022). Development of competencies for advanced nursing practice in intensive care units across Europe: A modified e-Delphi study. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, 71(March), 103239. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iccn.2022.103239

Fitri, N. (2019). Pelaksanaan asesmen berbasis kompetensi di rumah sakit swasta tipe c kota tasikmalaya. 3(November).

Habibi Soola, A., Ajri-Khameslou, M., Mirzaei, A., & Bahari, Z. (2022). Predictors of patient safety competency among emergency nurses in Iran: a cross-sectional correlational study. BMC Health Services Research, 22(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-022-07962-y

Halabi, J. O., Nilsson, J., & Lepp, M. (2021). Professional Competence Among Registered Nurses Working in Hospitals in Saudi Arabia and Their Experiences of Quality of Nursing Care and Patient Safety. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 32(4), 425–433. https://doi.org/10.1177/1043659621992845

Handiyani, H., & Purwaningsih, S. (2020). Nurses’ Perceptions and Satisfaction Towards the Competencies. Jurnal Keperawatan Sudirman, 15(1), 15–23.

Henriksen, K. F., Hansen, B. S., Wøien, H., & Tønnessen, S. (2021). The core qualities and competencies of the intensive and critical care nurse, a meta-ethnography. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 77(12), 4693–4710. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.15044

Jang, S., & Suh, E. E. (2022). Development and application of a mobile-based multimedia nursing competency evaluation system for nursing students: A mixed-method randomized controlled study. Nurse Education in Practice, 64(May), 103458. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2022.103458

Kahya, E., & Oral, N. (2018). Measurement of clinical nurse performance: Developing a tool including contextual items. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 8(6), 112. https://doi.org/10.5430/jnep.v8n6p112

Kim, J., Lee, E., Jung, Y., Kwon, H., & Lee, S. (2022). Patient-level and organizational-level factors influencing in-hospital falls. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 78(11), 3641–3651. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.15254

Kim, M. J., & Han, J. Y. (2019). Effect of head nurses’ authentic leadership on nurses’ job satisfaction and nursing performance: Focusing on the mediating effects of empowerment. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration, 25(1), 25–34. https://doi.org/10.11111/jkana.2019.25.1.25

Leksono, P., & Nita, S. (2018). Rancang Bangun Sistem Informasi Konsultasi Medis Berbasis Website. Seminar Nasional Teknologi Informasi Dan Komunikasi, 2015, 55–60.

Leonardsen, A. C., Bruun, A. M. G., & Valeberg, B. T. (2022). Anaesthesia personnels’ perspectives on digital anaesthesia information management systems – a qualitative study. BMC Nursing, 21(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-022-00998-9

M.Arfa Andika Candra, I. A. W. (2021). Sistem Informasi Berprestasi Berbasis Web Pada SMP Negeri 7 Kota Metro. Jurnal Mahasiswa Ilmu Komputer (JMIK), 78(4), 57–64. https://doi.org/10.21856/j-pep.2021.4.08

Manik, M. J., Hariyanto, S., Nurdiansyah, T. E., Kurniawati, K., Manurung, M. E. M., Rahayu, C. E., Rahmasari, R., Oktarina, Y., Nuraini, N., & Siringoringo, S. N. (2022). Keperawatan Gawat Darurat. Yayasan Kita Menulis.

Moradi, Y., Ahmadi, F., Sadeghi, A., & Oshvandi, K. (2019). Conceptualizing and determining core clinical competencies in nursing students: a qualitative study. International Nursing Review, 66(4), 530–540. https://doi.org/10.1111/inr.12548

Mortensen, M., Naustdal, K. I., Uibu, E., Mägi, L., Kangasniemi, M., Põlluste, K., & Moi, A. L. (2022). Instruments for measuring patient safety competencies in nursing: a scoping review. BMJ Open Quality, 11(2). https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjoq-2021-001751

Mrayyan, M. T., Abunab, H. Y., Abu Khait, A., Rababa, M. J., Al-Rawashdeh, S., Algunmeeyn, A., & Abu Saraya, A. (2023). Competency in nursing practice: A concept analysis. BMJ Open, 13(6), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2022-067352

Mukhoirotin, M., Efendi, S., Limbong, M., Hidayat, W., Rumerung, C. L., Sihombing, R. M., Kadang, Y., Siringoringo, S. N., Cathryne, J., & Aji, Y. G. T. (2021). Pengantar Keperawatan. Yayasan Kita Menulis.

Nguyen, P. Van, Xuan Nguyen, L. T., & Thien Nguyen, N. H. (2018). Improvement Strategies of Job Performance: a Perspective on Nursing Profession in Vietnam. 4, 60–72. https://doi.org/10.17501/24246735.2018.4107

Noprianty, R., Kusumah, N. A. R., & Laelasari, L. (2019). Evaluasi Pelaksanaan Kompetensi Berdasarkan Jenjang Karir Profesional Perawat. Jurnal Kesehatan Vokasional, 4(2), 90. https://doi.org/10.22146/jkesvo.44840

Nugroho, K. D. (2019). ANALISA FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KOMPETENS PETUGAS AMBULANS TULUNGAGUNG EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES (TEMS). Universitas Brawijaya.

Nursalam. (2020a). Manajemen Keperawatan: Aplikasi dalam Praktik Keperawatan Profesional (P. P. Lestari (ed.); 6th ed.). Salemba Medika.

Nursalam. (2020b). Metodologi Penelitian Ilmu Keperawatan: Pendekatan Praktis, Edisi 5. Salemba Medika.

Nursalam. (2020c). Metodologi Penelitian Ilmu Keperawatan. Pendekatan Praktis. 5th Edn, 4(1), 88–100.

Nursalam, N. (2020d). Metodologi Penelitian Ilmu Keperawatan: Pendekatan Praktis (Edisi 5). Salemba Medika.

Nursalam, N., Fardiana, A., Asmoro, C. P., Fadhillah, H., & Efendi, F. (2018). The correlation between the quality of nursing work life and job performance. Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development, 9(10), 330–335. https://doi.org/10.5958/0976-5506.2018.01364.5

Permenkes. (2017). PERATURAN MENTERI KESEHATAN REPUBLIK INDONESIA NOMOR 40 TAHUN 2017 TENTANG PENGEMBANGAN JENJANG KARIR PROFESIONAL PERAWAT KLINIS. Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

PMK 40. (2017). No TitleÉ?______. Pengembangan Jenjang Karir Profesional Perawat Klinis, 13(3), 1576–1580.

Prihatiningsih, T. S. (2023). Kurikulum Berbasis Kompetensi (Capaian Pembelajaran) untuk Pendidikan Kedokteran dan Profesi Kesehatan: Implikasi Kebijakan dan Tantangan Implementasi. UGM PRESS.

Razzaq, S., Shujahat, M., Hussain, S., Nawaz, F., Wang, M., Ali, M., & Tehseen, S. (2019). Knowledge management, organizational commitment and knowledge-worker performance: The neglected role of knowledge management in the public sector. Business Process Management Journal, 25(5), 923–947. https://doi.org/10.1108/BPMJ-03-2018-0079

Rizany, I., Hariyati, R. T. S., & Handayani, H. (2018). Factors that affect the development of nurses’ competencies: a systematic review. Enfermeria Clinica, 28, 154–157. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1130-8621(18)30057-3

Ruky, A. S. (2022). KOMPETEN & PROFESIONAL: Satu-satunya Kunci Sukses untuk Menang dalam Persaingan Mendapat Pekerjaan & Mengembangkan Karier di Era Revolusi Industri 4.0 & VUCA. Penerbit Andi.

Shilla, Wirnasari, et al. (2021). Dasar-Dasar Untuk Praktik Keperawatan Profesional (A. wihastuti Titin (ed.)). UB Press.

Suhartini, M. S. Y. K. P. (2020). 1793-6181-1-Pb. Informatika Dan Teknologi, 3(1), 79–83.

Tan, M. W., Lim, F. P., Siew, A. ling, Levett-Jones, T., Chua, W. L., & Liaw, S. Y. (2021). Why are physical assessment skills not practiced? A systematic review with implications for nursing education. Nurse Education Today, 99(January), 104759. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2021.104759

Taylor, I., Bing-Jonsson, P., Wangensteen, S., Finnbakk, E., Sandvik, L., McCormack, B., & Fagerström, L. (2020). The self-assessment of clinical competence and the need for further training: A cross-sectional survey of advanced practice nursing students. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 29(3–4), 545–555. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15095

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Manajemen Kesehatan Yayasan RS.Dr. Soetomo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.