Analisis Pengaruh Persepsi Ibu Terhadap Perilaku Gaya Hidup Bersih dan Sehat Berdasarkan Health Belief Model di Surabaya

Minarni Wartiningsih(1), Danoe Soesanto(2), Hanna Tabita Hasianna Silitonga(3), Gianina Angelia Santoso(4),


(1) Departemen Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Humaniora Universitas Ciputra, Surabaya
(2) Program Studi Kedokteran, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Ciputra Surabaya
(3) Departemen Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Humaniora Universitas Ciputra, Surabaya
(4) Program Studi Kedokteran, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Ciputra Surabaya
Corresponding Author

Abstract


Di Surabaya pada tahun 2017, Incidence penyakit diare sebesar 76,602 kasus yang sebelumnya sebanyak 77,617 suspek kasus (98,69%). Kota Surabaya memiliki 63 Puskesmas dan dari tahun 2016 hingga tahun 2018, terdapat 12 Puskesmas yang  inciden penyakit diare pada balita meningkat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh persepsi ibu yang mengasuh balita terhadap perilaku gaya hidup bersih dan sehat berdasarkan Health Belief Model. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif analitik dengan pendekatan cross-sectional. Terdapat 120 ibu yang mengasuh balitanya dari 12 Puskesmas ikut terlibat dalam penelitian ini. Responden mengisi kuesioner tentang karakteristik, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefit, cues to action and perilaku gaya hidup sehat. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Mei tahun 2019. Analisis variabel dilakukan dengan uji analisis bivariat dengan regresi binomial. Karakteristik responden yang terdiri dari (usia, tingkat pendidikan dan tingkat sosio ekonomi) pada penelitian ini berpengaruh terhadap perceived susceptibility, perceived severity and perceived benefits. Perceived susceptibility dan perceived severity berpengaruh terhadap perceived barriers, tingkat pendidikan juga berpengaruh terhadap perceived benefits. Cues to action berpengaruh terhadap perceived barriers dan perceived barrier dan perceived benefits berpengaruh terhadap perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat.

 

Kata kunci: Diare, Persepsi, Health Believe Models, PHBS

Keywords


Health Belief Model

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DOI: 10.29241/jmk.v6i1.310

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